Woodland Ground Flora Project
The difference between a bunch of trees and woodland is the diversity of life that exists within the habitat created by the shady tree canopy. This diversity is due in no small measure to woodland ground flora which provides food and shelter for a range of invertebrate species. These in turn provide food for little carnivores like spiders, ants and centipedes and so the chain goes on with birds and small mammals feeding on those, hawks, owls and pine marten further up and so on. This is a very simplified glance at the complex web of life that can be woven around a few key species like woodland ground flora.
In our new planting projects many woodland species will not be present and the nearest seed source for them might be miles away. Thus it could take hundreds of years, in some cases, for these plants to colonise by natural means so we need to give nature a helping hand. Even in mature woodland, overgrazing and changes in management practices have reduced diversity in the ground flora resulting in some species having become very rare or even absent when they should be common and abundant.
Trees for Life's Woodland Ground Flora Project seeks to enhance populations of plants which have become scarce in established woodland, species such as one-flowered wintergreen (Moneses uniflora), and twinflower (Linnaea borealis), and to establish populations of these plants, and more common species such as primrose (Primula vulgaris) and bluebell (Hyacinthoides non-scripta), in new woodland where these species are absent.
The project will involve surveys of established and new woodland sites, creating trial plots for species reintroduction, propagation of plants, researching suitable species and their growing conditions and liaising with other organisations involved in similar work.
Pages about woodland ground flora on this site
- Species profile: Lesser Twayblade
- Species profile: Creeping ladies tresses
- Species profile: Twinflower
- Vascular Plants occurring in Glen Affric
- Vascular Plants, Ferns and Clubmosses recorded on Dundreggan
- Which local environmental factors are most important in determining the health and success of twinflower (Linnaea borealis) in northern Scotland? - results of a research project in 2010
- Ground flora regeneration in replanted native Caledonian woodland in
- results of a research project in 2006
- The Trees for Life Woodland Ground Flora Project
- Return of the Flowers Appeal
- Flowers of the Forest Update Spring 2009
- Flowers of the Forest, Caledonia Wild! Winter 2007
- Woodland Ground Flora, Caledonia Wild! Summer 2007
- Ground Flora Propagation Trials, Caledonia Wild! Winter 2006-07
- Regenerating woodland flora - a next stage in the forest restoration process, Caledonia Wild! Summer 2002