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European lynx

Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx).
Photo by Peter Cairns

Beaver at Aigas

Beaver at the Aigas field centre. Photo by Laurie Campbell.

Wild boar sow amongst Scots pines, at the Guisachan Wild Boar Project site. Photo by Liz Balharry.

Wild boar sow amongst Scots pines, at the Guisachan Wild Boar Project site. Photo by Liz Balharry.

Missing Species of the Caledonian Forest

The following species have all been lost from the Caledonian Forest in historic times, due to human exploitation and habitat destruction. With 99% of the original forest having been destroyed, undoubtedly there are other less-obvious species (eg of plants, insects, fungi etc) that have also been lost, but there are no records to confirm this.

Trees for Life advocates the reintroduction of all these missing species in due course, as they each play an essential role in the ecosystem, and there will never be a healthy self-sustaining forest in the Highlands until all the constituent species, especially the large mammals, are back again.

European beaver (Castor fiber)

Wild boar (Sus scrofa)

Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx)

Elk or moose (Alces alces)

Brown bear (Ursus arctos)

Wolf (Canis lupus)

Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)

Aurochs or wild ox (Bos primigenius)

Restoring Missing Species

We are currently publishing a series of articles in our members' magazine, Caledonia Wild!, on restoring missing species. These discuss the challenges of reintroducing species that haven't been present for many years, sometimes centuries, and give details of conservation techniques to increase populations of rare species and to restore those that have been lost.

The Wild boar New!

The Osprey 

The Scottish wildcat 

The Beaver 


Related Pages



External links

In pictures: the species being reintroduced to the British countryside, from the Guardian's website. Includes beaver, wolf and lynx.

Trees for Life is an award winning conservation charity working to restore the Caledonian Forest
and all its species to a large contiguous area in the Highlands of Scotland.

Trees for Life is a registered charity Scottish charity No. SC021303, and a company limited by guarantee No. 143304 with its registered offices at Forres, Scotland.
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Photos © Alan Watson (unless otherwise indicated) - Banner Credits - Illustrations © Caragh McAuley

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