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Biodiversity in Glen Affric
Vascular Plants occurring in Glen Affric

This list has been compiled by Trees For Life from the species recorded in surveys by Ben Averis and Inverness Botany Group together with data from Forestry Commission Scotland and Scottish Natural Heritage. Some additional species have been added by the Trees For Life staff. (The species are listed in alphabetical order, by genus.)

  
Achillea millefolium Yarrow
Achillea ptarmica Sneezewort
Agrostis canina Velvet bent-grass
Agrostis capillaries Common bent-grass
Agrostis stolonifera Creeping bent-grass
Aira caryophyllea Silver hair-grass
Aira praecox Early hair-grass
Ajuga reptans Bugle
Alchemilla alpina Alpine lady’s mantle
Alchemilla filicaulis Hairy lady’s mantle
Alchemilla glabra Smooth lady’s mantle
Alchemilla vulgaris Common lady’s mantle
Alnus glutinosa Alder
Anemone nemorosa Wood Anemone
Angelica sylvestris Angelica
Antennaria dioica Mountain everlasting
Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet vernal grass
Arctostaphylos alpinus Alpine bearberry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Bearberry
Armeria maritima Thrift
   
Bellis perennis Daisy
Betula pendula Silver birch
Betula pubescens Downy birch
Brachypodium sylvaticum False brome
   
Calluna vulgaris Heather
Caltha palustris Marsh marigold
Campanula rotundifolia Harebell
Cardamine amara Large bittercress
Cardamine flexuosa Wavy bittercress
Cardamine hirsuta Hairy bittercress
Cardamine pratensis Cuckoo flower
Carex bigelowii Stiff sedge
Carex binervis Green-ribbed sedge
Carex curta White sedge
Carex dioica Dioecious sedge
Carex echinata Star sedge
Carex flacca Glaucous sedge
Carex hostiana Tawny sedge
Carex lasiocarpa Slender sedge
Carex limosa Bog sedge
Carex magellanica Tall bog sedge
Carex nigra Common sedge
Carex pallescens Pale sedge
Carex panicea Carnation grass
Carex pauciflora Few-flowered sedge
Carex pilulifera Pill sedge
Carex pulicaris Flea sedge
Carex rostrata Bottle sedge
Carex saxatilis Russet sedge
Carex viridula Common yellow sedge
Centaurea nigra Knapweed
Cerastium cerastoides Starwort mouse-ear
Cerastium fontanum Common mouse-ear
Cerastium holostoides Chickweed
Chamaepericlymenum suecicum Dwarf Cornel
Chrysosplenium oppositifolium Opposite-leaved golden saxifrage
Cirsium arvense Creeping thistle
Cirsium helenioides Melancholy thistle
Cirsium palustre Marsh thistle
Cirsium vulgare Spear thistle
Cochlearia alpina Alpine scurvygrass
Coeloglossum viride Frog orchid
Conopodium majus Pignut
Corallorhiza trifida Coralroot orchid
Corylus avellana Hazel
Crepis paludosa Marsh Hawk's-beard
Cynosurus cristatus Crested dog's-tail
Cytisus scoparius Broom
   
Dactylis glomerata Cocksfoot
Dactylorhiza fuschii Common spotted orchid
Dactylorhiza maculata ssp. ericetorum Heath spotted orchid
Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hair-grass
Deschampsia flexuosa Wavy hair-grass
Digitalis purpurea Foxglove
Drosera anglica Great sundew
Drosera intermedia Long-leaved sundew
Drosera rotundifolia Round-leaved sundew
   
Eleocharis palustris Common spike-rush
Empetrum hermaphroditum Hermaphrodite crowberry
Empetrum nigrum Common crowberry
Epilobium alsinifolium Chickweed willowherb
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed
Epilobium montanum Broad-leaved willowherb
Epilobium palustre Marsh Willowherb
Epilobium sp.  
Erica cinerea Bell heather
Erica tetralix Cross-leaved heath
Eriophorum angustifolium Common cottongrass
Eriophorum vaginatum Harestail cottongrass
Eriophorum latifolium Broad-leaved cottongrass
Euphrasia officinalis agg. Eyebright
   
Festuca ovina Sheep’s fescue
Festuca rubra Red fescue
Festuca vivipara Viviparous fescue
Filipendula ulmaria Meadowsweet
Fragaria vesca Wild strawberry
Fraxinus excelsior Ash
   
Galium odoratum Sweet woodruff
Galium palustre Marsh bedstraw
Galium saxatile Heath bedstraw
Geranium robertianum Herb Robert
Geranium sylvaticum Wood cranesbill
Geum urbanum Wood avens
Geum rivale Water avens
Glyceria fluitans Flote-grass
Gnaphalium supinum Dwarf cudweed
Goodyera repens Creeping lady's tresses
Gymnadenia conopsea Fragrant Orchid
   
Hedera helix Ivy
Hieracium pilosella Mouse-ear hawkweed
Hieracium agg  
Holcus lanatus Yorkshire fog
Holcus mollis Creeping soft grass
Hyacinthoides non-scripta Bluebell
Hypericum pulchrum Slender St.John's wort
Hypochoeris radicata Common cat's-ear
   
Ilex aquifolium Holly
   
Juncus acutiflorus Sharp-flowered rush
Juncus articulatus Jointed rush
Juncus bulbosus Bulbous rush
Juncus conglomeratus Compact/ common rush
Juncus effuses Soft rush
Juncus squarrosus Heath/ hard rush
Juncus trifidus Three-leaved rush
Juncus triglumis Three-flowered rush
Juniperus communis Juniper
Juniperus communis alpina Prostrate juniper
   
Lathyrus montanus Mountain vetch
Leontodon autumnalis Autumn Hawkbit
Leontodon hispidus Rough Hawkbit
Linnaea borealis Twinflower
Linum cartharticum Fairy flax
Listera cordata Lesser Twayblade
Littorella uniflora Shoreweed
Lobelia dortmanna Water lobelia
Loiseleuria procumbens Trailing azalea
Lolium perenne Perennial ryegrass
Lonicera periclymenum Honeysuckle
Lotus corniculataus Common Birdsfoot trefoil
Luzula campestris Field woodrush
Luzula multiflora Heath woodrush
Luzula pilosa Hairy woodrush
Luzula spicata Spiked woodrush
Luzula sylvatica Great woodrush
Lychnis flos-cuculi Ragged robin
Lysimachia nemorum Yellow pimpernel
   
Melampyrum pratense Common cow-wheat
Menyanthes trifoliata Bogbean
Mercurialis perennis Dog's mercury
Molinia caerulea Purple moor grass
Moneses uniflora One-flowered wintergreen
Myosotis scorpioides Water Forget-me-not
Myrica gale Bog myrtle
Myriophyllum alterniflorum Alternate water-milfoil
   
Nardus stricta Mat grass
Narthecium ossifragum Bog Asphodel
Nymphaea alba White water-lily
   
Orthilia secunda Serrated wintergreen
Oxalis acetosella Common wood sorrel
Oxyria digyna Mountain sorrel
   
Parnassia palustris Grass of parnassus
Pedicularis palustris Marsh lousewort
Pedicularis sylvatica Lousewort
Phragmites australis Common reed
Pinguicula grandiflora Large Flowered Butterwort
Pinguicula vulgaris Common butterwort
Pinus sylvestris Scots pine
Plantago lanceolata Ribwort plantain
Plantago major Greater plantain
Plantago maritima Sea plantain
Platanthera bifolia Lesser butterfly-orchid
Poa alpina Alpine meadow grass
Poa annua Annual meadow grass
Polygala serpyllifolia Heath milkwort
Polygala vulgaris Common milkwort
Polygonum viviparum Alpine bistort
Populus tremula Aspen
Potamogeton natans Broad-leaved pondweed
Potamogeton polygonifolius Bog pondweed
Potentilla erecta Tormentil
Potentilla palustris Marsh Cinquefoil
Potentilla sterilis Barren strawberry
Primula vulgaris Wild primrose
Prunella vulgaris Self-heal
Prunus avium Wild cherry
Prunus padus Bird cherry
Pseudorchis albida Small white orchid
Pyrola media Intermediate wintergreen
Pyrola minor Common wintergreen
Pyrola rotundifolia Round-leaved wintergreen
   
Quercus petraea Sessile oak
   
Ranunculus acris Meadow buttercup
Ranunculus flammula Lesser spearwort
Ranunculus lingua Greater spearwort
Ranunculus repens Creeping buttercup
   
Rhinanthus minor ssp. borealis Yellow rattle
   
Rosa canina Dog rose
Rubus chamaemorus Cloudberry
Rubus fruticosus Bramble
Rubus idaeus Wild raspberry
Rubus saxatilis Stone bramble
Rumex acetosa Common sorrel
Rumex acetosella Sheep's sorrel
   
Sagina procumbens Procumbent pearlwort
Salix aurita Eared willow
Salix caprea Goat willow
Salix cinerea Grey sallow
Salix herbacea Dwarf willow
Salix lapponum Downy willow
Salix phylicifolia Tea leaved willow
Salix repens Creeping willow
Sanicula europaea Sanicle
Saussurea alpina Alpine saw-wort
Saxifraga aizoides Yellow saxifrage
Saxifraga hypnoides Mossy saxifrage
Saxifraga oppositifolia Purple saxifrage
Saxifraga stellaris Starry saxifrage
Sedum anglicum English stonecrop
Sedum rosea Roseroot
Senecio vulgaris Groundsel
Sibbaldia procumbens Sibbaldia
Silene acaulis Moss campion
Silene dioica Red campion
Solidago virgaaurea Goldenrod
Senecio jacobaea Ragwort
Sonchus oleraceus Sow thistle
Sorbus aucuparia Rowan
Sparganium angustifolium Floating bur-reed
Stachys sylvatica Hedge woundwort
Stellaria holostea Greater stitchwort
Stellaria media Chickweed
Succisa pratensis Devil's-bit scabious
   
Taraxacum officinalis Dandelion
Teucrium scorodonia Wood sage
Thalictrum alpinum Alpine meadow-rue
Thymus polytrichus Wild thyme
Tofielda pusilla Scottish asphodel
Trientalis europaea Chickweed wintergreen
Trichophorum cespitosum Deer grass
Trifolium dubium Lesser trefoil
Trifolium pratense Red Clover
Trifolium repens White clover
Triglochin palustris Marsh arrowgrass
Trollius europaeus Globe flower
Tussilago farfara Coltsfoot
   
Ulex europaeus Gorse
   
Ulmus glabra Wych elm
Urtica dioica Stinging nettle
Utricularia vulgaris Common bladderwort
   
Vaccinium microcarpum Small cranberry
Vaccinium myrtillus Blaeberry
Vaccinium oxycoccos Cranberry
Vaccinium uliginosum Bog bilberry
Vaccinium vitis-idaea Cowberry
Valeriana dioica Marsh valerian
Veronica chamaedrys Germander speedwell
Veronica officinalis Common speedwell
Veronica serpyllifolia Thyme-leaved speedwell
Veronica serpyllifolia ssp. humifusa Northern speedwell
Vicia cracca Tufted vetch
Vicia sepium Bush vetch
Vicia sylvatica Wood vetch
Viola canina Heath dog violet
Viola palustris Marsh violet
Viola riviniana Dog violet
Viola tricolor Heartsease

Ferns and Clubmosses

  
Asplenium trichomanes Maidenhair spleenwort
Blechnum spicant Hard fern
Botrychium lunaria Common moonwort
Cryptogramma crispa Parsley Fern
Diphasiastrum alpinum Alpine clubmoss
Dryopteris affinis Scaly male fern
Dryopteris dilatata Broad buckler fern
Dryopteris filix-mas Male fern
Equisetum arvense Field horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile Water horsetail
Equisetum palustre Marsh horsetail
Equisetum sylvaticum Wood horsetail
Gymnocarpium dryopteris Oak fern
Huperzia selago Fir clubmoss
Hymenophyllum wilsonii Wilson’s filmy fern
Lycopodium annotinum Interupted clubmoss
Lycopodium clavatum Stag's-horn clubmoss
Oreopteris limbosperma Lemon scented fern
Phegopteris connectilis Long beech fern
Polypodium vulgare Polypody
Polystichum aculeatum Hard shield fern
Pteridium aquilinum Bracken, brake
Selaginella selaginoides Lesser clubmoss

Total number of vascular plants: 290 species

 

Return to Biological Diversity in Glen Affric

Plants


Anemone

Wood anemone (Anemone nemorosa) in flower in Glen Affric.

 

Small carnivorous plant

Round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) in Glen Affric.

 

Strawberry

Wild strawberry (Fragaria vesca) in flower in Glen Affric.

 

dogs mercury

Dog's mercury (Mercurialis perennis) near Badger Falls in Glen Affric.

 

Tall yellow flower

Bog asphodel (Narthecium ossifragum) in flower in Glen Affric.

 

Lily

White water lily (Nymphaea alba) in flower on a small lochan in Glen Affric.

 

Wintergreen

Toothed or serrated wintergreen (Orthilia secunda) near Badger Falls in Glen Affric.

 

Wood sorrel

Wood sorrel (Oxalis acetosella) in flower in Glen Affric.

 

Aspen in autumn

Aspen tree (Populus tremula) in autumn beside Loch Beinn a'Mheadhoin in Glen Affric.

 

Orchid

Small white orchid (Pseudorchis albida) in flower in Glen Affric.

 


Tea-leaved willow (Salix phylicifolia) in flower beside the Allt Coire Ghaidheil stream on West Affric.

 

Flower

Close-up of the flower of a chickweed wintergreen (Trientalis europaea) in Glen Affric.

 

Elm

Leaves and ripening seeds of a wych elm (Ulmus glabra) near Badger Falls in Glen Affric.

 

bilberries

Blaeberry plant (Vaccinium myrtillus) with berries in late summer, in Glen Affric.

 

Berries

Cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) in fruit in late summer in Glen Affric.

 

Violets

Dog violets (Viola riviniana) in flower in Glen Affric.

 

Ferns and Clubmosses


Hard fern

Hard fern (Blechnum spicant) in Glen Affric.

 

Ferns

Golden-scaled male fern (Dryopteris affinis) beside a cascading stream in autumn in Glen Affric.

 

Club moss

Stag's-horn clubmoss (Lycopodium clavatum) in Glen Affric.

 

Fern

Common polypody fern (Polypodium vulgare) in Glen Affric.

Trees for Life is an award winning conservation charity working to restore the Caledonian Forest
and all its species to a large contiguous area in the Highlands of Scotland.

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